Body map of rare cancers

Click on the orange heat spots to find out about rare adult solid cancers specific to that area of the human body.

Body Map
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Rare cancer of the brain and spinal cord

All structures of the central nervous system including meninges, brain hemispheres, brain stem, cerebellum, spinal cord, choroid plexus, cranial nerves and spinal roots can develop a rare primary CNS cancer. Nonetheless most of CNS cancers are located in the brain hemispheres in adults.

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Rare cancer of the brain and spinal cord

All structures of the central nervous system including meninges, brain hemispheres, brain stem, cerebellum, spinal cord, choroid plexus, cranial nerves and spinal roots can develop a rare primary CNS cancer. Nonetheless most of CNS cancers are located in the brain hemispheres in adults.

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Rare cancer of the skin and eye melanoma

Eye melanoma involves Uveal melanoma and Conjunctival melanoma.
- Uveal melanoma arises from melanocytes along the uveal tract: iris, ciliary body, but mainly the choroid.
- Conjunctival melanoma arises from melanocytes located amongst the basal cells of the conjunctival epithelium. It is a pigmented lesion of the ocular surface.

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Rare cancer of the skin and eye melanoma

Eye melanoma involves Uveal melanoma and Conjunctival melanoma
- Uveal melanoma arises from melanocytes along the uveal tract: iris, ciliary body, but mainly the choroid.
- Conjunctival melanoma arises from melanocytes located amongst the basal cells of the conjunctival epithelium. It is a pigmented lesion of the ocular surface

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Rare cancer of the head and neck

Nasopharyngeal cancer, nasal and paranasal sinus cancers, salivary gland cancers and middle ear epithelial cancers.

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Rare cancer of the head and neck

Nasopharyngeal cancer, nasal and paranasal sinus cancers, salivary gland cancers and middle ear epithelial cancers.

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Rare cancer of the endocrine organs - Thyroid

Thyroid cancer are mainly classified as differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). They are classified based on how similar they look to normal thyroid cells and by the type of cell from which they develop.

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Rare cancer of the endocrine organs - Thyroid

Thyroid cancer are mainly classified as differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). They are classified based on how similar they look to normal thyroid cells and by the type of cell from which they develop.

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Rare cancer of the thorax

Malignancies originating from the lung, the pleura, the mediastinum, or the heart with unusual histology.

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Rare cancer of the thorax

Malignancies originating from the lung, the pleura, the mediastinum, or the heart with unusual histology.

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Rare cancer of the endocrine organs - Adrenal

Two different primary cancers can arise from the adrenal gland: adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) from the adrenal cortex and malignant phaeochromocytoma from the adrenal medulla.

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Rare cancer of the endocrine organs - Adrenal

Two different primary cancers can arise from the adrenal gland: adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) from the adrenal cortex and malignant phaeochromocytoma from the adrenal medulla.

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Rare cancer of the neuroendocrine system

NETs can arise from any organ of the body but most commonly the small bowel, pancreas and lung.

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Rare cancer of the neuroendocrine system

NETs can arise from any organ of the body but most commonly the small bowel, pancreas and lung.

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Peritoneal malignancies

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Peritoneal malignancies

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Biliary Tract

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Biliary Tract

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Rare cancer of the female genital organs and placenta

These tumours can be divided into three groups: gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), rare ovarian tumours and all other rare gynaecological cancers arising in the uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Anal cancers

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Rare cancer of the male genital organs, and of the urinary tract

Testicular germ cell tumors are located in the left testicle, the right testicle, or sometimes in both.

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Rare cancer of the digestive tract - Anal cancers

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Rare cancer of the connective tissue and viscerae

They can potentially arise everywhere in the body. However, limbs / limb girdles are the most common primary site.

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Rare cancer of the connective tissue and viscerae

They can potentially arise everywhere in the body. However, limbs / limb girdles are the most common primary site.

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Rare cancer of the skin and eye melanoma

Rare skin cancer involves Merkel cell carcinoma and several adnexal skin tumours. They can arise anywhere from the skin.

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Rare cancer of the skin and eye melanoma

Rare skin cancer involves Merkel cell carcinoma and several adnexal skin tumours. They can arise anywhere from the skin.

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